Space Technologies to Shape the World in 2022

Resurgent interest in space travel and technical advancement has occurred during the previous decade.

FREMONT, CA: Over the past decade, there has been a revival of interest in space flight and the technological advancements that drive it. Jeff Bezos and Richard Branson, billionaire space travelers, made headlines in 2021, while Elon Musk has his sights set on the colonization of Mars.

For example, the development of scratch-resistant glass, GPS, LEDs, memory foam, and heat-resistant metals has revolutionized our lives. These innovations were all made possible by space travel. During the current Covid-19 pandemic, remote medicine has experienced a boom in popularity. Initially, many of its guiding principles were developed to aid in space travel. And there's no telling how many lives smoke and carbon monoxide detectors—also originally envisaged as space technology—have saved.

Reusable rockets

Reusable launch systems for orbital vehicles are expected to drastically reduce the cost of leaving the Earth's atmosphere, allowing for the implementation of numerous new space programs that are theoretically possible but currently too expensive to implement. It will also make ordinary space missions such as satellite launches and the International Space Station resupply much more cost-effective. For instance, in 2022, SpaceX's SN20 will aim to launch the first successful orbital trip utilizing a reusable rocket, pending US FAA approval. SN20 is the most powerful rocket ever constructed, and SpaceX hopes it can one-day transport humans to Mars.

Return to the moon

One of the primary reasons for the resurgence of interest in the moon is the belief that it will serve as an ideal testing ground for numerous technologies that may eventually help humanity reach Mars. In the last few decades, travel to the moon was not at the top of the space exploration plan, but that has changed as several strategic reasons to recommence lunar visits have been uncovered. Most of these will not necessitate the presence of humans and will be conducted by autonomous landers and exploration vehicles.

These missions will concentrate on sending "small payloads," primarily autonomous devices meant to locate, retrieve, and process lunar surface materials. In addition, the United States plans to launch its Commercial Lunar Payload Services mission—a collaboration between NASA and Astrobotic Technology—in 2022 to transport robotic landers to the moon's surface during that year.

Satellites

In 2022, most commercial space activity will continue to include satellite launches. The ever-decreasing cost of launching satellites into orbit and the rising number of applications for the data they can give are the primary factors driving the expansion of this area. GPS and satellite images are indispensable for many parts of daily life, and new applications, such as fighting pandemics, are constantly emerging.

Now that satellites are growing smaller and lighter, even start-ups can utilize the technological potential. In recent years, surveys have indicated that the cost of launching a satellite for a corporation is growing equal to the cost of launching an app.

For instance, the world's first fully 3D-printed satellite plans to launch into orbit in 2022 indicate that satellites are becoming more affordable and accessible. The primary purpose of these satellites is to provide communications and networking solutions for the rapidly adopted internet of things (IoT) devices in households and companies throughout the globe.

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