Key Ways Space Technology Improves Life on Earth



Satellites and other space technologies could be used to mitigate the effects of climate change while also protecting both animals and communities

Fremont, CA: Meteorological forecasts can serve as early warning systems for extreme weather conditions, thanks to advances in satellite technology.

The technology is also critical for documenting environmental changes and informing decision-making by measuring, among other things, sea levels, atmospheric gases, and the planet's changing temperature.

Cutting-edge Technologies to Combat Climate Change

The arrival of cutting-edge technologies such as Space 2.0 systems and other innovations such as artificial intelligence (AI), 5G, the Internet of Things (IoT), and robotics provides the additional potential for assisting in the fight against climate change.

According to Frontier Technologies to Protect the Environment and Combat Climate Change, a joint report from the International Telecommunication Union and the United Nations, information and communication technologies could play a critical role in meeting the Paris Agreement's target of limiting global warming 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The Use of Satellites to Track Weather Patterns

NASA's Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) spacecraft, which launched in 2018, is one example.

ICESat-2's predecessor observed sea ice thinning and the disappearance of ice cover along Greenland and Antarctica's coasts. NASA's most recent satellite was designed to provide additional data on how ice cover changes over a year.

Artificial Intelligence Cameras to Monitor Wildlife Crime

Satellites have also been used in Africa to aid in the detection of poachers of protected species.

The US nonprofit Resolve collaborated with the UK satellite provider Inmarsat to develop the Trailguard AI anti-poaching camera system, which assists national parks in detecting, stopping, and locating poachers.

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