Important Roles And Responsibilities Of Air Traffic Controller

Air Traffic Controllers (ATCs) are the people that sit in a high tower overlooking the airport, wearing headsets and keeping a watch on the planes.

Fremont, CA: Commercial aviation operations and safety rely heavily on air traffic controllers. They generally get situated in a high tower near the airport, where they have a clear view of everything going on on the ground and in the sky above them.

Let's see some of the important responsibilities of an air traffic controller:

  • Air Traffic Controllers (ATCs) are the people that sit in a high tower overlooking the airport, wearing headsets and keeping a watch on the planes. It is a condensed version of the job description.
  • Indeed, the primary responsibility of any ATC is to keep track of aircraft in its area and maintain regular communication with crews and ground crews.
  • As the name suggests, similar steps get repeated while the plane approaches an airport. These controllers will check for separation, traffic, and flight plans before allowing the plane to land and handing back over to traffic controllers.
  • The movement of planes, vehicles, and personnel on runways and taxiways is the responsibility of tower controllers. They also receive and confirm flight plans ahead of time, ensuring no conflicts with the dozens of other flights scheduled for the same day. They also broadcast weather changes, runway closures, and additional information.
  • Approach and departure controllers take over communications once a plane has successfully taxied and taken off. They're in charge of ensuring that all planes have minimal spacing while flying, that their flight path is clear of impediments (including other flights), and that they pass off to en route controllers.
  • Before pilots modify their altitude, speed, or direction, controllers must provide their approval. When verifying orders with controllers using radio communications, the phrase 'roger' is widely helpful. Approach and departure controllers keep an eye on flights flying between 20 and 50 miles from the airport at altitudes of up to 17,000 feet.
  • Once the plane reaches cruising altitude, everything seems a little more at ease. Passengers may recline their seats, and cabin crews begin service preparations and planes autopilot. However, air traffic controllers known as En Route controllers continue to watch the airliner.
  • These controllers keep an eye on planes as they fly over numerous states and stick to their flight plans. They work out from Air Route Traffic Control Centers (ARTCCs) in the United States, separated into 21 zones. Every day, hundreds of planes pass international borders on their way to their destinations, and these ARTCCs keep track of them. On its trip across the country, a transcontinental aircraft can readily travel through many ARTCCs. 
  • They are primarily responsible for guiding planes along their flight paths, preventing loss of separation and collisions, and ensuring the safety of the airspace in general. Planes spend most of their time in touch with ARTCCs when flying hundreds or thousands of kilometers.
  • Air traffic controllers' primary role in preventing safety catastrophes in aviation. Controllers have a lot of responsibilities from their position in the sky, from making sure two wingtips don't scrape the ground to preventing any mid-air crashes. Airports might see hundreds or thousands of aircraft every day necessitates monitoring.


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