Electronically Enabled Modern Battlefields

The modern era, infringed with the growing frequency of bilateral military clashes between countries, has designated electronic warfare as a necessary evil. Consequently, there is an immediate need for countries’ defense forces to build up their security measures. Henceforth, with international disputes and regional instability on the rise across the globe, sophisticated weaponry and combat systems are being developed to suit the needs of a modern battlefield. Concomitantly, electronic warfare technology has been integrated into all defense systems utilized during combat missions due to the expansion of digital battlefields. The emergence of military confrontations in Iraq and Syria due to political instability and terrorism, with multiple terrorist organizations increasingly deploying high-tech weapon systems, compelled all the countries in that region to increase their spending on defense and security. At this juncture, governments are making steady investments in advanced electronic warfare systems, specifically in radar and air defense systems, to safeguard their borders from invasion.

In this context, radar and electronic warfare systems are on the verge of rapid advancement and are improving in terms of capability, range, and performance. Many underlying technologies are breaking through present system limitations, ranging from improved FPGAs to MIMO antennas. To enable armed forces to perform their operations effortlessly, electronic warfare systems are utilised to sense, exploit, and manipulate the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS). Electronic warfare has three basic components: electronic assistance, electronic attack, and electronic defense. Signals generated by threats are intercepted, identified, and located using electronic support. Electronic attacks aim to disrupt and neutralize dangers by directing energy towards them. People, facilities, and equipment are protected from an enemy or friendly disturbance or electronic attack by electronic protection.

The benefits of EMS endow navigation, location, communications, and other capabilities to military troops. EW also guarantees that these capabilities are available to allies while denying them to adversaries.

“At this juncture, governments are making steady investments in advanced electronic warfare system specifically in radar and air defense systems to safeguard their borders”  

One of the leading suppliers of current state-of-the-art EW technology, including the systems aboard the F-35, is BAE Systems. The electronic combat solutions business unit of BAE Systems’ electronic systems sector produces many of the company’s electronic warfare systems in the United States. BAE Systems has more than 60 years of experience in the field of electronic warfare and is still improving its capabilities with the ever changing nature of modern warfare. In the future, BAE Systems’ EW research and development will focus on boosting warfighters’ situational awareness and survivability in disputed and denied settings against known and unknown threats. Advanced electronics, long-range sensors, artificial intelligence, machine learning, intelligent algorithms, adaptive signal processing, and multispectral, cognitive, and distributed EW capabilities will be some of the technical areas of concentration.

It is estimated that the electronic warfare industry will grow at a CAGR of 4.2 percent from 2020 to 2025, from USD 17.0 billion in 2020 to USD 20.9 billion in 2025. In the North American market, the United States and Canada are prominent countries to analyze for such market research. Due to increased investments in electronic warfare technology by countries in this region, this region is likely to lead the market from 2020 to 2025. Defense forces from North American countries are working continuously on the creation of cutting-edge electronic warfare equipment. According to industry experts, even the COVID-19 pandemic has had little impact on the market for electronic warfare in the defense sector in the United States and Canada. The US Department of Defense (DoD) has requested manufacturers to keep working on electronic warfare products. However, there has been a shift in the desire for electronic warfare in civic and commercial applications, particularly in sports and hunting. The demand for electronic warfare for self-defense purposes has risen significantly. According to the New York Times, “About 2 Million Guns Were Sold in the US as Virus Fears Spread,” which highlights the rising ammunition demands for self-defense.

 

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